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“It contemplates training throughout life in a very significant way”

More than 80 students from San Valero Center of Zaragoza are taking this year the modality of Dual PF (at different levels and cycles) in collaboration with more than 40 companies. As highlighted its director, Rosa Bartoloméit is one of the educational lines for which they bet regarding the skills and employability of students.

“They bring the student closer to the business reality and it is a way for companies to integrate into their training and be able to better adapt the real and professional skills they demand. Our experience is that the level of insertion or job continuity in the company of the students who take Dual Vocational Training is close to 100%“, explains Bartolomé, who shares the strategic axes of the new Training Law that has just been approved (and that will enter into force in a few days). “It is true that it will take a significant amount of resources, so that everything becomes a reality, and check that all companies have the capacity to be able to incorporate students with this modality”, he observes.

The main novelty of the new norm (approved in the Senate with the only ‘no’ from the PP) is that the FP will be dual (Studies will be made compatible with internships in companies). There will be two scales: the general cycles, with a stay in the firms of between 25% and 35% of the duration of the studies; and the intensivewith on-site learning of more than 35% of the course, which will entail a paid employment contract. Also, the law seeks double the number of young technicians and specialists -to respond to the profiles that the Spanish market will demand from 2025- and create an agile and flexible system that assumes the training of the employed and recycling of the unemployedas well as updating knowledge throughout life.

For Francisco Valdivia, director of the Integrated Public Vocational Training Center (Cipfp) Crown of Aragonthat the law contemplates a Specific Dual VET contract it will help a lot to students have a better and greater approach to the world of work. However, he clarifies that in Aragon there has always been an economic consideration through a training and apprenticeship contract. “It is an autonomy that was clear from the first moment that Dual FP students are rewarded for the work they carry out in the company. All our students (this year, about 40 in the different Dual specialties) they receive their salary while they are in training, they are registered with Social Security, they are entitled to unemployment benefit and they pay contributions for their retirement. Aragón has been a pioneer in this“, he informs.

Likewise, Valdivia highlights that the new norm capitalize on training throughout lifeconsider the possibility of highly specialized courses (a kind of master’s degree, like the ones taught at the Corona de Aragón on 3D printing, additive manufacturing and intelligent manufacturing) and promotes internationalization. “The law contemplates training throughout life in a very significant way and that is to be appreciated. It is not new, because the centers have been working continuously for many years, but it does have a very specific impact in that situation. It’s not just a training professional, it is also propaedeutic (preparatory teaching for the study of a discipline). It adds up and if they wish, they can Access to college. Is a flexible vocational training that allows us to add different skills and learning results as people need it”, he deepens.

Seven new specialization courses at the San Valero

Also, the director of the San Valero Center emphasizes the educational flexibility that is contemplated in the new norm and the incorporation of specialization courses. They have requested the authorization of seven new courses (intelligent manufacturing, big data, cybersecurity, digitalization of maintenance and intelligent manufacturing, among others) to start teaching them the next course. “It will allow students who finish middle and higher grades to have specialization in new digital and innovative skills in the business world and service sector. And it will make it easier for workers who are already in the world of work update their competencies to new realities and profiles“, emphasizes Rosa Bartolomé, who recalls that in her center they have been working for a long time VET Plus Plus (which links company and university).

“In Aragón we have a good situation because here the training and apprenticeship contract is mostly used, but there are other communities in which the students do not even receive a scholarship”

Meanwhile, the organization secretary of the Federation of Teaching of Aragon Workers’ Commissions, Andres Minguezaconsiders very positive “progress” That regulate the normative aspect that the contract is the only applicable formula in Dual Vocational Training. “In Aragon we have a good situation because here the training and apprenticeship contract is mostly used, but there are other communities -as is the case of Andalusia- in which the students do not even receive a scholarship. So it will be beneficial in many In addition, the regulations in Aragon indicate that the scholarship has to go andn function of the minimum interprofessional wagewhich is economically beneficial for the students”, he indicates.

In addition, he appreciates that the new law gives a solution for teachers who do not have a university degree so that they can continue teaching in FP, repairing “a wrong” that “had been created” with the Lomloe. Instead, he questions not be accepted none of the more than 300 amendments presented in its process in the Senate. “It is a sign that a priori it is not a law that has the widest possible consensus, which is what we would have wanted for a regulation of this depth,” he says.

The Workers’ Commissions raised, at the national level, a battery of amendments, among which was reduce the period of Dual VET carried out in a company (since it is “complicated” to find companies that can take on the student’s training “for a large number of hours”), bring forward to 2024 the compulsory step of the training and apprenticeship contract modality (the law establishes a transitional period of four years , until 2028) and add an additional provision on financing. “That increase the budget destined to improve the resources and materials of public VETespecially for its extension to all the institutes offering intermediate and higher degree cycles and its extension in rural areas“, details Mingueza. “None was accepted.”

“Historical” claims of VET teachers

Also Monica Christophereducation representative of CSIF Aragonconsiders that the law collects the “historical” demands of the VET teachers to “match” the group of Secondary Education teachers. “They could not access by degree to ten specialties because they do not exist in the university. Thanks to an additional provision, they will be able to become specialist teachers in unique sectors of VT. We appreciate the effort of the Administration to have taken into account the requests that we from CSIF had been transferring to it, “he says.

Regarding the rule as a whole, De Cristóbal underlines that “Finally” the Ministry of Education “takes VET seriously”. “Invest in corrective measures and in new ways of facing the challenges that society faces. They have addressed the needs required by the sector, both social and business as well as teaching“, Add.

Some of the keys of the new law

  • Tailor-made training. A modular Vocational Training offer is established organized in training itineraries that allow progression through five ascending grades (A, B, C, D and E). Grade A will lead to obtaining a partial accreditation of competence; B will involve obtaining the certificate of professional competence referring to a professional module; C brings together several modules and leads to a professional certificate; D corresponds to vocational training cycles; and in grade E specialization courses will be integrated. The entire offer of grades C and D will have a dual nature, while grades A, B and E may or may not have said dual nature, depending on the characteristics of each training.
  • Flexible system. The reform merges into a single system the old regulated FP – the one that young people take in institutes – with the programs and courses of continuous training and for employment (many times managed by employers, unions or companies). For this, a flexible and cumulative training system is designed that will allow à la carte academic itineraries, especially for those who learn and work at the same time.
  • bilingual cycles. In the intermediate and superior professional cycles, a foreign language must be learned, bilingual training will be launched and double degrees will be created, as is already the case in the degrees. Joint training with foreign centers may be implemented and academic mobility to other countries of students and teachers will be encouraged.
  • Catwalks with the university. The new norm encourages those responsible for education (autonomies and universities) to sign agreements to create connections between institutes and campuses. The agreements would allow both students to study subjects or do internships in the other academic field and that there is the possibility of mutual recognition of credits to establish gateways for continuing studies between higher FP and degrees and vice versa.
  • VET technical faculty. A new teaching body will be created, called ‘Specialist teachers in unique sectors of Vocational Training’, which will be included in the civil service group A2 and in which 10 specialties will be included. The Executive thus makes room in the system for technical VET teachers who do not have a university degree, since this teaching body will become part of the Secondary school teachers.

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